Pregnancy is a more sensitive time for mothers and requires more attention than normal people. The substances that a pregnant mother eats, drinks and inhales enter the uterus fetus starting when the mother is pregnant.

Precautions during early pregnancy


1. Moderate sex life

In the early stages of pregnancy, you should exercise restraint, avoid marital life and try to live apart from each other, as early pregnancy is most likely to result in miscarriage. Avoiding marital life has a certain impact on preventing miscarriage in stable condition.

2. Avoid excessive physical work and strenuous exercise

Newly pregnant women should not do heavy physical work such as carrying water or heavy objects, or do strenuous exercise such as running or dancing. Excessive physical work and strenuous exercise can lead to miscarriage. You can take a walk, sweep the floor and do some simple and relaxing exercises.

3. Get enough sleep

In the early stages of pregnancy, pregnant women should arrange their work and rest hours appropriately, get enough sleep, and avoid staying up too late, as this also promotes fetal development.

4. Maintain a good mood

Even in the early stages of pregnancy, you should pay attention to your emotions, because the mental and emotional state of pregnant women is very unstable. Therefore, the husband should be considerate of his wife, be patient and take care of her. Do not let the woman become too emotional as this may affect the growth and development of the fetus and lead to miscarriage.

5. Take medication with caution

It is also important to take medication carefully in early pregnancy. Indiscriminate use of medications in the early stages of pregnancy can lead to fetal malformations. If you need to take medication due to a serious medical condition, you must take the medication carefully under the guidance of a doctor.

6. Keep away from pets

Pregnant women in early pregnancy should be careful to stay away from pets such as cats and dogs. They may initially be placed with relatives because when they come into contact with pets or are bitten and scratched by pets, germs and parasites from pets cause fetal diseases once they infect the fetus. Deformities and death, so keep away from pets.

7. Maintain personal hygiene and cleanliness

After pregnancy, leucorrhea increases, so you should prepare special clean towels and basins for cleaning your vagina every day and change your underwear frequently. This can prevent vaginal infections and inflammation from harming the fetus.

8. Avoid x-rays

Be careful not to take x-rays in early pregnancy. Even if a pregnancy is confirmed, you can use pregnancy testing devices such as pregnancy test sticks to test. Do not take multiple x-rays alone as this can cause fetal malformation and death.

Precautions in the second trimester

Precautions in the second trimester

1. Control your weight

During the second trimester, you must control your weight and never gain too much weight, otherwise it will be difficult to give birth if the fetus is too large. The heavier you are, the more likely you are to suffer from diseases such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure, which are not conducive to fetal growth and development.

The heavier a pregnant woman is, the more detrimental it is to her own recovery. The ideal weight gain is 2 kilograms in the first trimester, 5 kilograms each in the second and third trimesters. If you gain more than 20 kilograms during the entire pregnancy or the pregnant woman weighs more than 80 kilograms, this is a danger signal!

2. Watch for constipation

Due to the action of relaxin secreted by the body after pregnancy, pregnant mothers’ gastrointestinal motility slows down and their digestive ability weakens, making them susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases constipation.

3. Be careful to prevent stretch marks

60-90% of pregnant women develop stretch marks, so preventive measures must be taken. The most useful way is to control your weight! You can also use products that can effectively repair and prevent stretch marks to maintain skin elasticity.

How to Treat Constipation During Pregnancy?

Eat more fruits, vegetables and grains

Pregnant women often have difficulty passing stools because they eat foods that are too refined. Therefore, they should eat more vegetables, fruits and fiber-rich whole grains such as celery, green leafy vegetables, radishes, melons, apples, bananas, pears, oatmeal, etc. mixed beans and brown rice. Wait.

High fiber diet

Do not eat spicy food, but eat more foods rich in fiber, such as apples, radishes, celery and other vegetables, bananas, pears and other fruits, beans, etc.

Have regular bowel movements

The urge to defecate is most likely to occur every morning and after every meal, and it is best to defecate when you wake up in the morning. After getting up, drink a glass of warm water on an empty stomach before breakfast to promote the righting reflex and the gastrocolic reflex after getting up. In this way, the urge to defecate will arise soon and long-term control will form a good habit of defecation in the morning.

Precautions during late pregnancy

Precautions during late pregnancy

1. Pay attention to sleeping posture

Doctors recommend sleeping on the left side in the third trimester of pregnancy, which can correct the rightward rotation of the enlarged uterus and reduce the pressure of the uterus on the abdominal aorta and iliac artery, which has a positive effect on the growth and development of the fetus and eugenics.

But many people think that it can only be in this position and do not dare to change the position, which makes them very uncomfortable. In fact, the correct sleeping position is not on the left side at a 90 degree angle, but on the left side at a 15-30 degree angle. Sleeping on your left side is actually more uncomfortable at 90 degrees, so you can also use a U-shaped pillow for pregnant women.

2. Train the pregnancy exercises in advance

To ensure a smooth delivery, prenatal midwifery exercises can be performed as a reminder training in the third trimester of pregnancy, which is very helpful. It should be noted that many movements contribute to the opening of the pelvis. If you have placenta previa/deep-lying placenta in the third trimester of pregnancy, you cannot practice it.

The action can be done forward in cat style, which is very suitable for reducing pressure on the body and pelvis, or in deep squats, which are most often recommended by doctors. Be careful not to squat too deeply during pregnancy. Your knees should not extend past your toes and your knees should point toward your toes. Do about 10 reps each time, which is a good way to train your lower body strength.

3. Be sure to prepare the maternity package in advance

The maternity kit needs to be prepared a few days before pregnancy and delivery, including baby equipment and some essential items for admission. Putting together a maternity package is not about “the more the merrier” but rather about sensible planning to avoid waste.

4. Prepare maternal and child health manuals and sanitary pads

The Maternal and Infant Health Manual records the entire pregnancy process and should therefore be carried along with medical records before delivery and when going out. Sanitary napkins may be useful if the amniotic sac ruptures before delivery, redness occurs, and if lochia leaks after delivery. However, they are typically not used throughout pregnancy. Therefore, it is best to buy them in the third trimester so as not to increase the likelihood of infection.

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Last Update: 18 April 2024